Trade remedies protect domestic industries from unfair practices around imports. The UK’s own independent trade policy includes a trade remedies system.
Trade remedies protect domestic industries against injury caused by unfair trade practices (imports of dumped or subsidised goods) or unforeseen surges in imports. They usually take the form of an additional duty placed on imports of specific products.
The Department for International Trade assessed which of the existing EU anti-dumping and anti-subsidy trade remedies mattered to the UK. This was done via a Call for Evidence consultation with UK industry and other interested parties, including international industry.
Trade remedy investigations will continue to be carried out by the EU on behalf of the UK and all existing EU trade remedy measures will continue to be applied at the UK’s border until 31 December 2020.
We will continue to monitor any new trade remedy measures introduced by the EU before the UK begins operating its own independent trade policy. Where there is known UK producer interest in any new measure we will reach out to the relevant parties to assess whether the measure should be transitioned or terminated on 31 December 2020.
All anti-dumping, anti-subsidy and safeguard measures that the UK keeps will undergo a UK-wide transition review led by the Trade Remedies Investigations Directorate (TRID). Transition reviews will assess whether the current measure is appropriate for the UK market and whether it should be varied changed or terminated. For further information please read our Trade Remedies Investigations Directorate (TRID) dumping, subsidisation and safeguarding investigations guidance document and TRID’s operational guidance.
Before starting a transition review TRID will ask us to publish a Notice of Determination . We will publish Notices of Determination as and when they are required. Once we have published a Notice of Determination TRID will then issue a Notice of Initiation to formally begin the transition review of the measure.
You can view all live and completed transition reviews on the Trade Remedies Service.
For more information about TRID or to express your views about any current trade remedies, email firstname.lastname@example.org.
The UK has committed to maintaining the EU safeguard measures where there is a UK interest in doing so. As with the maintained definitive anti-dumping and anti-subsidy measures, TRID will conduct a UK-wide transition review to assess whether the measure is appropriate for the UK market, and as such whether it should be varied or terminated.
Steel safeguard measures
DIT has identified 19 product categories covered by the existing EU steel safeguard measure where UK production exists. These would therefore need to be transitioned in order to provide continuity to UK producers.
The remaining associated product categories, where no UK production exists, will not be transitioned and the tariff rate quotas will therefore cease to apply at 11pm on 31 December 2020.
UK specific tariff rate quotas
In order to ensure the transitioned safeguard measures work specifically for the UK from the first day it is operating an independent trade policy, DIT also collected information regarding historical trade flows of steel products between 2015 and 2017 that fall under this measure in order to permit a recalculation of the tariff rate quotas (TRQs).
The UK specific TRQs were recalculated using the same method deployed by the European Commission. The UK specific TRQs for the 19 product categories the UK is transitioning are available in the Secretary of State’s Notice of Determination for this measure.
Steel products to be transitioned or terminated
Below is the list of the 26 EU product categories against which the UK will either transition or terminate within the safeguard measure.
|Product category number||Steel Product Categories subject to EU Safeguard Measures||Subject to UK Safeguard Measures?|
|1||Non-Alloy and Other Alloy Hot Rolled Sheets and Strips||Maintain|
|2||Non-Alloy and Other Alloy Cold Rolled Sheets||Maintain|
|3A||Electrical Sheets (other than GOES)||Terminate|
|3B||Electrical Sheets (other than GOES)||Terminate|
|4A||Metallic Coated Sheets||Maintain|
|4B||Metallic Coated Sheets||Maintain|
|5||Organic Coated Sheets||Maintain|
|6||Tin Mill products||Maintain|
|7||Non-Alloy and Other Alloy Quarto Plates||Maintain|
|8||Stainless Hot Rolled Sheets and Strips||Terminate|
|9||Stainless Cold Rolled Sheets and Strips||Terminate|
|10||Stainless Hot Rolled Quarto Plates||Terminate|
|12||Non-Alloy and Other Alloy Merchant Bars and Light Sections||Maintain|
|14||Stainless Bars and Light Sections||Maintain|
|15||Stainless Wire Rod||Maintain|
|16||Non-Alloy and Other Alloy Wire Rod||Maintain|
|17||Angles, Shapes and Sections of Iron or Non Alloy Steel||Maintain|
|22||Seamless Stainless Tubes and Pipes||Terminate|
|24||Other Seamless Tubes||Terminate|
|25A||Large welded tubes||Maintain|
|25B||Large welded tubes||Maintain|
|26||Other Welded Pipes||Maintain|
|27||Non-Alloy and other alloy cold finished bars||Maintain|
Note: Product Category 11, Grain-Oriented Electrical Sheet, and Product Category 23, Bearing Tubes and Pipes, are not listed because the EU concluded that these product categories should not be subject to a safeguard measure.
Further information relating to a break-down of the country specific and residual TRQs per product category can be found in the Secretary of State’s Notice of Determination for this measure.
Next steps and transition review
The UK specific TRQs on the 19 product categories outlined above will be brought into effect at 11pm on 31 December 2020, following the publication a taxation notice from the Secretary of State for International Trade.
The Trade Remedies Investigations Directorate – as the UK’s competent trade remedies authority pending the establishment of the Trade Remedies Authority – will conduct a transition reviews of the definitive safeguard measures across the 19 steel product categories to ensure these measures fully reflect the UK market situation.
These reviews will consider whether it is appropriate to vary the tariff rate quota associated with the product category on a country by country basis. Further information can be found at the Trade Remedies Investigation Directorate operational guidance on the transition review of EU steel safeguard measures.
Anti-dumping and anti-subsidy trade remedy measures
The table summarises which existing definitive EU anti-dumping or anti-subsidy trade remedy measures the UK will maintain or terminate as part of its independent trade policy. The UK will continue to impose the same trade remedy measures as the EU until the end of the transition period when we cease to apply the Common External Tariff.
If you are aware of any changes to UK production and/or market share of the products covered by any of the trade remedy measures listed below, please contact email@example.com.
Expiry reviews and the UK government transition policy
A measure marked with a ‘*’ in the below table signifies that the European Commission is currently conducting an expiry review on this measure. An expiry review determines if the measure were to expire, whether dumping and injury would probably continue or recur. An expiry review can result only in the repeal or continuation of the duties in force. If measures are maintained, they will normally remain in force for another five years. An expiry review cannot lead to a change in the level or form of the duties; these can only be changed by the European Commission as the result of an interim review.
A measure marked with a (***) in the table below signifies that the Trade Remedies Investigations Directorate (TRID) is currently conducting a transition review on this measure. Transition reviews will assess whether the current measure is appropriate for the UK market and whether it should be varied, changed or terminated. You can view all live and completed transition reviews on the Trade Remedies Service.
A measure marked with a (†) in the below table signifies that the production of this measure in the UK has ceased and is unlikely to recommence in the UK in the foreseeable future. DIT has reassessed this measure, working with UK producers and sector stakeholders. It determined that this measure should not be maintained, as it no longer meets the criteria of the Call for Evidence.
Should the European Commission conclude that a measure which the UK is transitioning should be terminated (either by letting the measure lapse or via an expiry review), then this measure will fall away and will not be transitioned over to the UK’s independent trade remedies system.
Recent updates to measures being maintained or terminated
This table will be updated to reflect changes at the EU-level in the measures the UK will maintain or terminate. Recent updates are stated below:
- the EU merged the anti-dumping measures on Ironing Boards (AD506 and AD548)
- the EU did not renew the Bioethanol measure against the USA (AD580), meaning that it fell away from the Call for Evidence findings – the Call for Evidence concluded that this measure should be transitioned
- the EU did not renew the Manganese Dioxide measure against South Africa (AD520), meaning that it fell away from the Call for Evidence findings – the Call for Evidence concluded that this measure should be terminated
- the EU imposed an anti-dumping measure on Urea ammonium nitrate (AD649) – DIT assessed this measure, working with UK producers and sector stakeholders to do so, and determined that this measure should be terminated as it did not meet the criteria of the Call for Evidence
- the EU imposed an anti-dumping measure on Indonesian Biodiesel (AS650) – DIT assessed this measure, working with UK producers and sector stakeholders to do so, and determined that this measure should be maintained as it met criteria of the Call for Evidence
- the EU imposed an anti-dumping measure on Steel Road Wheels (AD652) – DIT has reassessed this measure, working with UK producers and sector stakeholders. It determined that this measure should not be maintained, as it no longer meets the criteria of the Call for Evidence.
|Name of measure||Case code (AD – Anti dumping, AS – Anti subsidy)||Countries against which measures are applied||Terminate or maintain the measure once the transition period has expired?|
|Aluminium foil in large rolls||AD534||China||Terminate|
|Aluminium foil in small rolls||AD582||China||Maintain|
|Aluminium road wheels||AD541||China||Maintain|
|Bicycles||AD287||China (extended to Cambodia, India, Malaysia, Pakistan, Philippines, Sri Lanka and Tunisia)||Terminate|
|Biodiesel||AD531||USA (extended to Canada)||Maintain***|
|Biodiesel||AS532||USA (extended to Canada)||Maintain***|
|Cast iron articles||AD637||China||Maintain|
|Ceramic tableware / Kitchenware||AD586||China||Maintain|
|Citric acid||AD522||China (extended to Malaysia)||Terminate*|
|Coated fine paper||AD552||China||Terminate|
|Coated fine paper||AS557||China||Terminate|
|Cold rolled flat steel products||AD620||China||Maintain|
|Cold rolled flat steel products||AD620||Russia||Maintain|
|Continuous filament glass fibres||AD549||China||Maintain|
|Continuous filament glass fibres||AS603||China||Maintain*|
|Corrosion resistant steel||AD639||China||Maintain|
|Grain orientated flat-rolled products of electrical steel (GOES)||AD608||China||Terminate †|
|Grain orientated flat-rolled products of electrical steel (GOES)||AD608||Japan||Terminate †|
|Grain orientated flat-rolled products of electrical steel (GOES)||AD608||Korea||Terminate †|
|Grain orientated flat-rolled products of electrical steel (GOES)||AD608||Russia||Terminate †|
|Grain orientated flat-rolled products of electrical steel (GOES)||AD608||USA||Terminate †|
|Graphite electrode systems||AD469||India||Terminate|
|Graphite electrode systems||AS470||India||Terminate|
|Hand pallet trucks and their essential parts||AD474||China (extended to Thailand and Vietnam)||Terminate|
|Heavy (quarto) plate||AD631||China||Maintain|
|High tenacity polyester yarns||AD547||China||Terminate|
|Hot-rolled flat products of iron, non-alloy or other alloy steel||AD635||Brazil||Maintain|
|Hot-rolled flat products of iron, non-alloy or other alloy steel||AD630||China||Maintain|
|Hot-rolled flat products of iron, non-alloy or other alloy steel||AS634||China||Maintain|
|Hot-rolled flat products of iron, non-alloy or other alloy steel||AD635||Iran||Maintain|
|Hot-rolled flat products of iron, non-alloy or other alloy steel||AD635||Russia||Maintain|
|Hot-rolled flat products of iron, non-alloy or other alloy steel||AD635||Ukraine||Maintain|
|Lever arch mechanisms||AD491||China||Terminate|
|Lightweight thermal paper (65gr/m2 or less)||AD629||Korea||Terminate|
|Molybdenum wires||AD540||China (extended to Malaysia)||Terminate|
|Open mesh glass fibre fabrics||AD558||China (extended to India, Indonesia, Taiwan and Thailand)||Terminate|
|Organic coated steel||AD584||China||Maintain|
|Organic coated steel||AS587||China||Maintain|
|PSC wires and strands||AD529||China||Maintain***|
|Rebar (high fatigue performance steel reinforcing bars)||AD619||China||Maintain|
|Ring binder mechanisms||AD350||China (extended to Laos and Vietnam)||Terminate|
|Seamless pipes and tubes (large 406.4mm)||AD632||China||Terminate|
|Seamless pipes and tubes of iron or steel||AD533||China||Terminate|
|Seamless pipes and tubes of iron or steel||AD490||Russia||Terminate|
|Seamless pipes and tubes of iron or steel||AD490||Ukraine||Terminate|
|Seamless pipes and tubes of stainless steel||AD565||China||Terminate|
|Silicon metal||AD245||China (extended to Korea and Taiwan)||Terminate|
|Stainless steel bars and rods||AS556||India||Maintain|
|Stainless steel cold rolled flat products||AD607||China||Terminate*|
|Stainless steel cold rolled flat products||AD607||Taiwan||Terminate*|
|Stainless steel tubes and pipe butt wielding fittings||AD622||China||Terminate|
|Stainless steel tubes and pipe butt wielding fittings||AD622||Taiwan||Terminate|
|Steel road wheels||AD652||China||Terminate|
|Steel (wire) ropes and cables||AD384||China (extended to Korea and Morocco)||Maintain|
|Threaded tube and pipe cast fittings of malleable cast iron||AD585||China||Terminate|
|Threaded tube and pipe cast fittings of malleable cast iron||AD585||Thailand||Terminate|
|Tube and pipe fittings of iron or steel||AD323||China (extended to Indonesia, Sri Lanka and Philippines)||Terminate|
|Tube and pipe fittings of iron or steel||AD442||Korea||Terminate|
|Tube and pipe fittings of iron or steel||AD442||Malaysia||Terminate|
|Tube and pipe fittings of iron or steel||AD579||Russia||Terminate|
|Tube and pipe fittings of iron or steel||AD579||Turkey||Terminate|
|Tubes and pipes of ductile cast iron||AD616||India||Terminate|
|Tubes and pipes of ductile cast iron||AS618||India||Terminate|
|Urea Ammonium Nitrate||AD649||Russia, Trinidad, Tobago, USA||Terminate|
|Welded tubes and pipes of iron or non-alloy steel||AD523||Belarus||Maintain***|
|Welded tubes and pipes of iron or non-alloy steel||AD523||China||Maintain***|
|Welded tubes and pipes of iron or non-alloy steel||AD523||Russia||Maintain***|