What you must do
You should follow the advice of the Irish Government and your local authority. You can also read our Ireland travel advice for our latest guidance.Attend a citizen outreach
Visas and residency
UK citizens do not need a visa or residency permit to live, work or study in Ireland. Under the Common Travel Area (CTA), UK and Irish citizens can live and work freely in each other’s countries and travel freely between them. Both the UK and Irish governments are committed to protecting the CTA. Read our guidance on the CTA.
Ireland’s Citizens Information service has advice about moving to and living in Ireland.
You must tell the UK government offices that deal with your benefits, pension and tax if you are moving or retiring abroad.
The Irish Naturalisation and Immigration Service (INIS) has advice on the requirements for non-EU/EEA family members of UK citizens.
Passports and travel
The rules on travel will stay the same until the transition period ends on 31 December 2020. During this time you can continue to travel to countries in the Schengen area or elsewhere in the EU with your UK passport.
Check your passport is valid for travel before you book your trip. Your passport should be valid for the proposed duration of your stay.
You’ll need to renew your passport before travelling if you do not have enough time left on it.
We will update these pages with details of any changes to the rules as soon as information is available. You should sign up for updates to this guidance.
Your travel rights for Ireland are preserved under the Common Travel Area.
Read our travel advice for Ireland.
Under the CTA, UK citizens have the right to access healthcare in Ireland. When visiting, UK citizens also have the right to access needs-arising healthcare.
You may need to pay a fee to access public healthcare in Ireland on the same basis as Irish citizens. However, you may be eligible for a means tested medical card. If you do not qualify for a medical card on income grounds, you may qualify for a GP Visit card. Find information on Medical and GP Visit Cards.
You can also take out private health insurance.
You may be entitled to state healthcare paid for by the UK if you live in Ireland and get an exportable UK pension, contribution-based Employment Support Allowance or another exportable benefit. You will usually be asked to produce some evidence of your entitlement to healthcare in Ireland, such as proof of property rental or ownership. If eligible, you’ll need a medical card that entitles you to receive certain health services free of charge.
Find a list of hospitals and doctors in Ireland.
You must check if your prescriptions are legal in Ireland.
If you are visiting Ireland, you should take out comprehensive travel insurance that covers medical treatment. Read more about what your travel insurance should cover.
If you need emergency medical assistance, dial 999 or 112 and ask for an ambulance. If you are referred to a medical facility for treatment, contact your insurance and/or medical assistance company immediately.
Working in Ireland
Under the CTA, UK citizens do not need a visa or residency permit to live, work or study in Ireland. Both the UK and Irish governments are committed to protecting the CTA.
Read the Irish government’s Citizens Information on employment.
UK professionals planning to practice regulated professions in Ireland should seek recognition of their professional qualifications before the implementation period ends on 31 December 2020.
Money and tax
UK bank cards are widely accepted for transactions in Ireland.
We recommend you get professional advice on paying tax in Ireland.
The UK and Irish governments have a bilateral agreement to ensure that social security rights, including existing arrangements for social insurance contributions, will continue to be protected after the UK leaves the EU.
You must tell the UK government offices that deal with your pension if you are moving or retiring abroad.
If you are a UK national living in or working in Ireland, working in both the UK and Ireland, or working across the border, you are subject to only one state’s social security legislation at a time. This means you can access your pension from whichever state you are subject to the social security legislation of, regardless of where you are living.
If you have worked in Ireland, you can apply to the Department of Employment Affairs and Social Protection. If you have not worked in Ireland, you can claim your UK State Pension by contacting the International Pension Centre. If you have worked in several EU countries, see state pensions abroad.
Life certificates for UK State Pensions
If you are getting a UK State Pension and receive a ‘life certificate’ from the UK Pension Service, you need to respond as soon as possible – your payments may be suspended if you do not.
Pensions after 31 January 2020
The UK and Irish governments have a bilateral agreement to ensure that social security rights, including access to pensions, will continue to be protected after the UK leaves the EU. This agreement also means that there will be no change to the payment of your UK State Pension in Ireland. UK State Pensions will continue to be paid as before 31 January 2020, including upratings.
If you are living in or working in Ireland, working in both the UK and Ireland, or working across the border, you are subject to only one state’s social security legislation at a time. This means you can access social security benefits from whichever state you are subject to the social security legislation of, regardless of where you are living.
You also have the right to access social security benefits on the same basis as citizens of the state you are in.
Read our guidance on;
- claiming benefits if you live, move or travel abroad
- UK benefits you might be able to get while you’re abroad and how to claim them
Many income-related benefits such as Pension Credit and Housing Benefit can’t be paid if you’re abroad for more than 4 weeks.
The criteria to claim certain Irish social security benefits differ from those in the UK. If you meet Ireland’s five requirements for determining habitual residence then you may be eligible to claim some Irish social security benefits.
Benefits after 31 January 2020
The UK and Irish governments have a bilateral agreement to ensure that social security rights, including access to social security benefits and entitlements, will continue to be protected after the UK leaves the EU.
Driving in Ireland
If you live in Ireland, you should exchange your UK driving licence for an Irish one before the 31 December 2020.
The rules for exchanging a UK licence will stay the same until 31 December 2020.
If you are visiting Ireland, you can drive with your existing UK driving licence.
Read the Irish government’s guidance on driving licences and FAQ’s.
Bringing a UK-registered vehicle to Ireland
Read our guidance on taking a vehicle out of the UK.
Current pet travel rules will stay the same until 31 December 2020.
If you’re travelling with your pet for the first time you must visit your vet to get a pet passport.
The Irish government has also published information on pet travel.
If you are a UK national living in Ireland you are entitled to register to vote with the relevant authorities for local and national parliamentary elections in that state on the same basis as Irish citizens.
You can read the Irish government’s guidance on voting in Ireland.
You may be able to vote in some UK elections. You can:
Births, deaths and getting married
If your child is born in Ireland, you will need to register a birth abroad.
If someone dies in Ireland you can:
- read our guidance on what to do after someone dies
- find a list of funeral directors in Ireland
- read our bereavement pack
Find out how to get married abroad.
You may also need to find a lawyer in Ireland.
You can dial the European emergency number on 112, or the national emergency number on 999. Find a list of Irish security and emergency services.
If you are the victim of crime, have been arrested, or are affected by a crisis abroad, contact your nearest British embassy or consulate.
Accommodation and buying property
Read our guidance on buying a property abroad.
For information on housing in Ireland, including renting and owning a home, you can look at Citizens Information on housing.
Returning to the UK
Look at the Citizens Information on leaving Ireland.
Read the guidance on returning to the UK permanently which includes information on, amongst other things, tax, access to services and bringing family members.
Please note that this information is provided as a guide only. Definitive information should be obtained from the Irish authorities. The FCO will not be liable for any inaccuracies in this information.