Common Foreign & Security Policy

Background From the time it was founded in the 1950s, the EU has regarded itself as a civilian power. NATO was the forum where many of the original EU members could focus on questions of Cold War defense and security. The end of the Cold War, however, sparked debates within the EU about the desirability […]

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Conflict Prevention Communication

Background Many factors contribute to conflict – poverty, economic stagnation, uneven distribution of resources, weak social structures, lack of good governance, systematic discrimination, oppression of minorities, the destabilising effects of refugee flows, ethnic antagonism, religious and cultural intolerance, social injustice and the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and small arms. To control these factors […]

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Co-operation with NATO

Strategic Partnership The “European Union-NATO Declaration on the European Security and Defence Policy (ESDP)” and the “Berlin Plus” arrangements are the basic documents for the EU-NATO strategic partnership. The strategic partnership established between the European Union and NATO in crisis management is founded on shared values and on the indivisibility of the security dimension in […]

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Military Crisis Management

Military Staff of the European Union (EUMS) The Military Staff of the European Union is the source of the EU’s military expertise. It performs early warning, situation assessment and strategic planning for Petersberg tasks (humanitarian missions, peacekeeping and crisis management) and all EU-led operations. The Military Staff of the European Union is made up of […]

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EU Security

The European Union Institute for Security Studies The European Union Institute for Security Studies provides research and analysis on international issues to help the EU develop its foreign and security policy. The European Union (EU) has decided to continue drawing on the expertise of the European Union Institute for Security Studies (EUISS) to provide research […]

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European Defence Agency

Operation of the European Defence Agency The EDA was established in 2004. Since then, a number of amendments have been made regarding its statute, seat and operational rules. These changes have been consolidated in this decision. An EU Decision¬† lays down rules on the functioning of the European Defence Agency (EDA), thus providing a legal […]

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EU Sanctions

Article 29 Treaty on European Union Article 29 of the Treaty on European Union (TEU) allows the Council of the EU to adopt sanctions against governments of non-EU countries, non-state entities and individuals (such as terrorists) to bring about a change in their policy or activity. Under Article 215 of the Treaty on the Functioning […]

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