EU Basics

EU Mechanics Basics The EU is an international organisation comprised of 28 countries or member states with a population of over 500 million. It is an international institution conferred with powers by its member states. These are reflected in the European Union treaties. The European Union has the power to make laws in the areas […]

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The Commission

The Institutions of the European Union The European Union treaties establish so-called supra-national institutions.  These are independent bodies with their own legal identity with set powers and competences.  Within the areas in which the EU treaties give the EU institutions legal powers or competences, the European Union bodies make enforce and administer laws and their […]

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The Council

The Council The Council of the European Union or the Council is one of the most important bodies within the European Union.  The Council in conjunction with the European Parliament makes laws. The Council consists of a member of the government of each member state who has authority  to commit the government of that state.  […]

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Development of the EU

The Composition of the European Union The European Union consists of 28 member state with nearly 500 million inhabitants.  Its member states account for over 30 percent of global output. The European Union has evolved progressively.  The original six members  (France, West Germany, Italy, Belgium, the Netherlands, and Luxembourg were joined by Ireland, the United […]

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European Parliament

Overview and Development The European Parliament was originally constituted as the Assembly of the European Community.  Its role has been progressively enhanced during the existence of the European Communities and the European Union.  Initially, its powers were consultative in nature.  The Single European Act introduced new legislative procedures, the so-called assent, and co-decision procedure. These […]

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EU Law Making

Overview The law making bodies in the European Union are the Council and the European Parliament.  Originally the Council had complete law-making powers.  Over time, the Parliament’s role has grown so that many decisions were made by both the Parliament and Council. Under the Lisbon Treaty, the co-decision procedure became the normal method of law […]

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Regional Development Fund UK No Deal Notes

Purpose This notice sets out how current and future European Regional Development Fund projects would be affected if the UK leaves the EU with no deal. Find out how this would affect you if you: want to apply for funding from the European Regional Development Fund; already get funding from the European Regional Development Fund. […]

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EU Withdrawal Note Citizens Initiative

EUROPEAN COMMISSION Secretariat-General Brussels, 13 April 2018 NOTICE TO STAKEHOLDERS WITHDRAWAL OF THE UNITED KINGDOM AND EU RULES IN THE FIELD OF THE EUROPEAN CITIZENS’ INITIATIVE The United Kingdom submitted on 29 March 2017 the notification of its intention to withdraw from the Union pursuant to Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union. This […]

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