Agriculture [Irish Senate Report]

General Issues related to agriculture, farming and the food sector have already been thoroughly considered by the Joint Committee on Agriculture, Food and the Marine in their February 2017 Report ‘Impact of the UK Referendum on Membership of the European Union on the Irish Agri-Food and Fisheries Sectors’. But in order to consider any more […]

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European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development

Support for Rural Development This regulation: sets out how the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development (EAFRD) aims to develop the agricultural sector over the 2014-2020 period to be more geographically and environmentally balanced and climate-friendly resilient, competitive and innovative; lays down the rules governing the EU’s support for rural development, funded by the EAFRD; explains the […]

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Direct EU Payments to farmers

CAP Direct Payments It sets out the rules for direct payments made to support farmers under the EU’s common agricultural policy (CAP). These payments are made on the condition that farmers meet strict rules on the health and welfare of people and animals, plant health and the environment — known as cross-compliance. In December 2017, […]

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Agricultural Products Duties & Refunds

Trade Arrangements An EU Regulation on Trade arrangements for processed agricultural products establishes the trade regime for non-agricultural food and drink items made from agricultural products. They are non-agricultural food and drink items made out of agricultural products. The regulation contains a list of PAP goods. The main product groups include: processed dairy products; frozen […]

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Food Safety Pre-Consumer

EU Food Hygiene Law The purpose of food legislation is to prevent or eliminate risks arising either directly or via the environment for humans and animals and reduce risks to an acceptable level. to guarantee fair practices as regards trade in food and feed and the protection of consumer interests including food labelling and other […]

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Importation and Movement

Import of live animals. There are a number of directives dealing with both the import and transit of animals.  One category of directives deals with imports from outside the EU whereas another category deal with imports between EU states.  Technically imports between EU states are described as intra-EU trade whereas imports referred to imports from […]

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EU Food Labelling

Labelling and presentation of foodstuffs. EU directives deal with the labelling, packaging, and presentation of prepackaged foodstuffs. It applies to foodstuffs to be delivered to a final consumer or to intermediaries such as restaurants, canteens, hospitals, similar persons who cater en masse. It does not apply to products intended for export outside the European Union. […]

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Agriculture and Fisheries (UK White Paper)

Agriculture, food and fisheries products There is extensive trade between the UK and the EU in agriculture (food, feed, and drink) products and the EU is the UK’s single largest trade partner.7 70 percent of UK agri-food imports came from the EU in 2017. Food and drink manufacturing is the UK’s largest manufacturing sector, contributing […]

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CAP Price Support

The Common Agricultural Policy The Common Agricultural Policy consumes a large part of the EU budget, through the  European Agricultural Guidance and Guarantee Fund (EAGGF). The Guarantee element finances the expenditure on market organisation and rural development measures.  The Guidance element finances other rural development expenditures. The fund is administered by the Commission and by […]

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CAP Income Supports

Cohesion Funds The Cohesion Funds (2007 to 2013) support measures under the convergence objectives. The aim is to accelerate convergence in EU states where development is lagging behind by improving conditions for growth and employment. The objective of the Fund is to provide sustainable development. The ceiling on the Cohesion Fund’s contribution to public expenditure, […]

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CAP Development and Reform

Background Agriculture has been at the heart of the European Union since its foundation. This reflects the post-war food security requirement and the strong political influence of France in the 1950s and 1960s with its large agricultural sector, relative to Germany. Agricultural competence is restated in the Treaty on the functioning of the European Union. […]

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Import & Export of Animals

General There are a number of directives dealing with both the import and transit of animals.  One category of directives deals with imports from outside the EU whereas another category deal with imports between EU states.  Technically imports between EU states are described as intra EU trade whereas imports referred to imports from outside the […]

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Intra-EU Trade

Bovine and Swine There exist intra-EU controls on trade in certain animals.  There is a directive on trade within the EU in bovine animals and swine for breeding, production, or slaughter. The transport of bovine animals and swine to another state is permitted if they do not display a sign of clinical disease they have not […]

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Animal Health

General EU laws on animal health and welfare are adopted by the Parliament and the EU Council, the latter acting by qualified majority voting. The rules usually reflect international standards including, in particular, those adopted by the World Organisation for Animal Health. EU funding typically covers 50 percent of the national government’s cost. EU legislation […]

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Registration of Animals

Identification and registration There are a number of EU regulations dealing with the identification and registration of animals.  The purpose is to create a comprehensive tracing system to protect animal health and food safety. There are different regulations in respect of different species/products. Regulation in respect of the identification and registration of bovine animals and […]

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Fisheries

Context When the UK joined the European Economic Community (EEC) in 1973 it was agreed that the Member States would have exclusive national fishing rights to 12 nautical miles, unless other Member State could prove historic fishing activity between 6 to 12 miles. This changed when it was agreed under international law that countries had […]

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Agricultural Goods Trade

The CAP There are import and export controls and duties designed to maintain the single market in various agricultural products under the Common Agricultural Policy. CAP  controls and duties apply when goods enter or leave the European Union. They do not generally apply to trade within the EU. CAP goods include food, agricultural and horticultural […]

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Food Safety Controls

Overview The importation of food products from outside the EU requires compliance with EU and UK hygiene safety, labelling and food composition regulations.  The hazard analysis and critical control point after the primary production stage (HACCP) system is used.   Non-EU suppliers must have equivalent systems in place. Food businesses after primary production must work in […]

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EU Withdrawal Note Animal Transport

Brussels, 23 January 2018 NOTICE TO STAKEHOLDERS WITHDRAWAL OF THE UNITED KINGDOM AND EU RULES FOR TRANSPORTERS OF LIVE ANIMALS, DRIVERS AND ATTENDANTS The United Kingdom submitted on 29 March 2017 the notification of its intention to withdraw from the Union pursuant to Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union. This means that unless […]

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EU Withdrawal Note Slaughterhouse Operators

Brussels, 23 January 2018 NOTICE TO STAKEHOLDERS WITHDRAWAL OF THE UNITED KINGDOM AND EU RULES ON CERTIFICATES OF COMPETENCE PURSUANT TO THE REQUIREMENTS OF REGULATION (EC) NO 1099/2009 ON THE PROTECTION OF ANIMALS AT THE TIME OF KILLING, TO SLAUGHTERHOUSE OPERATORS The United Kingdom submitted on 29 March 2017 the notification of its intention to […]

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EU Withdrawal Note Plant Health

Brussels, Angers, 23 January 2018 NOTICE TO STAKEHOLDERS PLANT VARIETY RIGHTS The United Kingdom submitted on 29 March 2017 the notification of its intention to withdraw from the Union pursuant to Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union. This means that, unless a ratified withdrawal agreement1 establishes another date, all Union primary and secondary […]

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EU Withdrawal Note Live Animal Movement

Brussels, 27 February 2018 NOTICE TO STAKEHOLDERS ANIMAL HEALTH AND WELFARE AND PUBLIC HEALTH RELATED TO THE MOVEMENT OF LIVE ANIMALS The United Kingdom submitted on 29 March 2017 the notification of its intention to withdraw from the Union pursuant to Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union. This means that, unless a ratified […]

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EU Withdrawal Notes Animal Breeding

Brussels, 23 January 2018 NOTICE TO STAKEHOLDERS BREEDING OF ANIMALS The United Kingdom submitted on 29 March 2017 the notification of its intention to withdraw from the Union pursuant to Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union. This means that, unless the withdrawal agreement1 establishes another date, all Union primary and secondary law ceases […]

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EU Withdrawal Note Plant Reproductive Material

Brussels, 23 January 2018 NOTICE TO STAKEHOLDERS MARKETING OF SEEDS AND OTHER PLANT REPRODUCTIVE PROPAGATING MATERIAL The United Kingdom submitted on 29 March 2017 the notification of its intention to withdraw from the Union pursuant to Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union. This means that, unless a ratified withdrawal agreement1 establishes another date, […]

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EU Withdrawal Note Mineral Waters

Brussels, 23 January 2018 NOTICE TO STAKEHOLDERS WITHDRAWAL OF THE UNITED KINGDOM AND EU RULES IN THE FIELD OF DIRECTIVE 2009/54/EC OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL OF 18 JUNE 2009 ON THE EXPLOITATION AND MARKETING OF NATURAL MINERAL WATERS The United Kingdom submitted on 29 March 2017 the notification of its intention […]

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EU Withdrawal Note GMOs

Brussels, 23 January 2018 GENETICALLY MODIFIED FOOD AND FEED The United Kingdom submitted on 29 March 2017 the notification of its intention to withdraw from the Union pursuant to Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union. This means that, unless a ratified withdrawal agreement1 establishes another date, all Union primary and secondary law will […]

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