Free Movement and Fundamental Rights

Acquired Rights The Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties safeguards acquired rights to a significant extent. It had been claimed in the run-up to the Brexit referendum that it would safeguard the EU rights of UK nationals in the EU (and vice versa). However, the rights apply as between states and not individuals or […]

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The Charter and the UK

Charter of Fundamental Rights The EU Charter of Fundamental Rights is part of the EU Treaties. It took effect in 2009 in the Lisbon Treaty. It has been somewhat controversial. It protects a broader range of human rights than the European Convention on Human Rights. The main purpose of incorporating the Charter into the EU […]

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EU Charter of Fundamental Rights

Background The European Union legal order has protected fundamental rights for many years. The Charter on Human Rights was incorporated into the Lisbon Treaty and took effect in December 2009. The Treaty on European Union states that the EU recognises the rights, freedoms, and principles set out in the Charter of Fundamental Rights. The rights […]

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Fundamental Rights & the EU

EU and ECHR The European Convention on Human Rights is not part of the European Union Treaties. However, from the earlier stages, the European Court of Justice and its successors recognised that the European Convention on Human Right is part of general principles of law and reflects a common set of values of the member […]

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Fundamental Right & ECHR

The Council of Europe The Council of Europe was a precursor of the European Union. It now includes the Russian Federation, the former Yugoslav states, Republic of Macedonia , Ukraine, Bosnia, Georgia, Serbia. The Council is based in Strasbourg and is wholly separate to the European Union. The Council of Europe was established in 1949. […]

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