Immigration Paper Summary

OVERVIEW As the UK leaves the European Union (EU) and we bring free movement to an end, different rules to the current ones must apply to migration here by EU citizens. We will take full control of migration by bringing all of it under UK law and institute a new border and immigration system, to serve the UK […]

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Current Immigration System

CHAPTER 1 – THE UK’S CURRENT IMMIGRATION SYSTEM 1.1 We currently have two parallel systems in place which govern the immigration of EU citizens (and their family members) and non-EU nationals respectively. 1.2 While the UK is a member of the EU, EU citizens and their family members enjoy an EU Treaty-based right to enter […]

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New UK Immigration System

CHAPTER 2 – AN IMMIGRATION SYSTEM FOR THE WHOLE OF THE UK Summary As we leave the European Union and free movement ends, unifying the United Kingdom and preserving relationships between Northern Ireland, Scotland, Wales and all parts of England will only become more important. Immigration is a reserved matter in the UK, but the […]

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UK Government Approach

CHAPTER 3 – GOVERNMENT RESPONSE TO THE REPORTS OF THE MIGRATION ADVISORY COMMITTEE ON EU MIGRATION AND INTERNATIONAL STUDENTS Summary Leaving the EU will allow us to cement our position as a leader on the global stage and  provides an opportunity to design a world-class border and immigration system. The future system will apply to […]

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Border Control

CHAPTER 4 – SECURE AND SMOOTH UK BORDER CONTROL Summary After the UK leaves the EU, Free Movement under EU law will end and the migration of all non-UK nationals, including EU citizens, will be subject to UK law and the rules we set for entry and staying in the UK. In taking back control of our […]

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Visitors

CHAPTER 5 – COMING TO THE UK TO VISIT Summary Migration benefits the UK economically, culturally and socially. We want to ensure the UK continues to attract people from across the world to visit our vibrant and diverse communities. Building on our strong offer to non-EU nationals, we also want to facilitate the short-term business activities that […]

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Workers

CHAPTER 6 – COMING TO THE UK TO WORK Summary Our businesses, industries, public services and voluntary organisations rely (to a greater or lesser extent) on migration for labour, skills and ideas. We recognise the importance of attracting and retaining skilled migrants in the UK, as they make an important contribution to our economic wellbeing, and […]

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Students

CHAPTER 7 – COMING TO THE UK TO STUDY Summary As we leave the EU, the UK will remain open to the talent we need from Europe and the rest of the world. We have maintained a highly competitive offer for international students who would like to study in the UK at our world-class institutions, boosting […]

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Family Migration

CHAPTER 8 – FAMILY MIGRATION Summary We will continue to value the positive contribution immigration has made to our society – enriching our communities and culture. Those who wish to establish their family life in the UK, should do so on a basis that prevents burdens on the taxpayer and promotes integration. That is fair to migrants […]

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Digital Delivery

CHAPTER 9 – DIGITAL DELIVERY Summary The future border and immigration system will make use of the latest digital technology to improve customer experience, increase security and detect abuse. Everyone who is not a British or Irish national will, in future, need permission to travel to the UK, with either an e-visa or an Electronic […]

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Fair System

CHAPTER 11 – A FAIR AND HUMANE IMMIGRATION SYSTEM Summary We are committed to ensuring that our existing and future border and immigration system takes a fair and humane approach, and our decisions are correct given the potentially significant impact on the life of the individual concerned. Refusal decisions can trigger compliance sanctions and eventually […]

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Asylum

CHAPTER 10 – PROTECTING THE VULNERABLE Summary The realities of conflict, violence and persecution continue to cause displacement. The UK has a proud history of offering asylum and giving protection to those who need it, including refugees forced to leave their countries. We are determined to ensure that leaving the EU does not change the UK’s proactive commitment […]

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Compliance

Summary Compliance with UK immigration laws and rules is an essential part of an immigration system which operates fairly, robustly and with integrity. In the future border and immigration system, all non-UK  nationals – with the exception of Irish nationals – entering and remaining in the UK will be subject to UK Immigration Rules governing […]

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The Common Travel Area

CHAPTER 13 – MAINTAINING THE COMMON TRAVEL AREA A Summary The Government will protect the Common Travel Area (CTA) arrangements between the UK, the Crown Dependencies and Ireland. The future border and immigration system will fully respect the UK’s long-standing approach to movement within the CTA. As now, there will be no routine immigration controls on […]

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Pathway to New System

CHAPTER 14 – PATHWAY TO THE NEW SYSTEM The nee for primary legislation 14.1 The journey to a single immigration system in UK law will be achieved in stages. The European Union (Withdrawal) Act 2018 will repeal the European Communities Act 1972 and the UK will leave the EU. It will also convert current EU law into […]

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Next Steps

CHAPTER 15 – NEXT STEPS AND CONCLUSION Progressing proposals 15.1 This paper sets out a clear and ambitious vision for the future, with a pragmatic and orderly phased approach to delivery. 15.2 But it cannot set out all the detailed arrangements that will need to form part of the future arrangements in 2021 and beyond. We […]

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