Proposed Economic Partnership

Economic partnership Following the decision of the people of the UK in the referendum, the UK is leaving the EU, and as a result will leave the Single Market and the Customs Union – seizing new opportunities and forging a new role in the world. At the same time, the UK wants to protect jobs […]

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Goods (UK White Paper)

Free Trade Area Regulatory frameworks draw a distinction between goods, which are physical products that tangibly cross a border, and services. The UK proposes the establishment of a free trade area for goods, including agri-food. This would avoid friction at the border, protect jobs and livelihoods, and ensure that the UK and the EU meet […]

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Services (UK White Paper)

Services and investment The UK is world leading in many services sectors, including legal, business and financial services. In 2017, services made up 79 percent of total UK GVA worth £1.46 trillion.10 In 2017, 21 percent of EU27 services imports came from the UK, and 20 percent of EU27 services exports went to the UK.11 […]

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Freedom of Movement (UK White Paper)

Framework for mobility EU citizens are integral to communities across the UK, with 3.5 million EU citizens living in the UK.22 Approximately 800,000 UK nationals play an equally important role in communities across the EU.23 The UK and the EU have already reached an agreement on citizens’ rights which provides EU citizens living in the […]

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Proposed Trade Policy (UK White Paper)

Independent trade policy The UK’s proposal for its future economic partnership with the EU would provide a strong foundation for the UK to establish a broad and ambitious independent trade policy with the rest of the world. As the UK leaves the EU, the Government is committed to ensuring that UK and EU businesses and […]

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Digital & Broadcasting (UK White Paper)

Digital Digital is a fast evolving, innovative, sector that is driving economic transformation across the world. Digital sectors contributed £116.5 billion to the UK economy in 2016, representing 6.7 percent of GVA. Facilitating growth and removing barriers will drive competitiveness and help the UK tap into the potential from the top ten largest economies of […]

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Data Protection (UK White Paper)

Data protection Data plays an increasingly important role in the global economy. Recent research suggests data flows already account for a higher proportion of global growth than trade in physical goods.85 Data also helps keep people safe by maximising the effectiveness of law enforcement agencies and bringing more criminals to justice. It will, therefore, be […]

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Energy (UK White Paper)

Electricity and gas The UK remains committed to delivering cost-effective, clean and secure energy supplies. The UK has worked closely with European partners to liberalise and open energy markets, with wide-ranging UK energy sector expertise being highly regarded across the EU. The Government is committed to facilitating the continuation of the Single Electricity Market (SEM) […]

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Transport (UK White Paper)

Socio-economic cooperation There are many other areas where the UK and EU economies are closely linked, including transport, energy, civil judicial cooperation, intellectual property, and audit and accountancy. The particularly close integration between EU Member States in these areas reflects their membership of the Single Market, and the UK recognises that it will not be […]

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Competition & Regulation (UK White Paper)

Open and fair competition The UK has been a leading advocate of the development of the EU state aid and competition regime and has much to gain from maintaining disciplines on subsidies  and anti-competitive practices. Some horizontal rules are not primarily designed to ensure open and fair markets. Nonetheless, it is usual to include commitments […]

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Institutions

Summary A relationship as deep as the one that the UK envisages will require a broad range of cooperation between the UK and the EU in the future. In order to ensure that this  cooperation can function properly, that the relationship is transparent and accountable and that the trust established through the commitments made by […]

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Resolving Disputes

Resolving disputes The institutional framework should prevent disputes arising but in the unlikely event that they did, it should be designed in a way that facilitates dialogue. But where international agreements include binding commitments on the parties, it is important that they include provisions to ensure that formal disputes over these commitments can be resolved […]

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Administrative Cooperation

Administrative provisions To ensure the future relationship is administered effectively, the UK and the EU will need to agree arrangements for regulatory cooperation. This includes: an upfront choice to maintain a common rulebook with the EU, in particular, in relation to the free trade area for goods; and a recognition that some rules are equivalent. […]

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Cooperation in Various Areas

Cooperation There are a number of areas where cooperation supports or complements our proposals for the economic or security partnerships. . For each of these areas, the UK and the EU should agree specific arrangements that support ongoing cooperation. These include: data protection arrangements that provide for the continued exchange and protection of personal data […]

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Agriculture and Fisheries (UK White Paper)

Agriculture, food and fisheries products There is extensive trade between the UK and the EU in agriculture (food, feed, and drink) products and the EU is the UK’s single largest trade partner.7 70 percent of UK agri-food imports came from the EU in 2017. Food and drink manufacturing is the UK’s largest manufacturing sector, contributing […]

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Defence and Security (UK White Paper)

Security Partnership The UK has already set out an ambitious vision for the UK’s future security relationship with the EU.The UK recognises that leaving the EU means the security relationship between the UK and the EU cannot continue on the same basis as before. Nevertheless, given shared interests and threats, the UK seeks an ambitious […]

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Law Enforcement (UK White Paper)

Civil judicial cooperation Civil judicial cooperation is mutually beneficial to both the UK and the EU. Businesses benefit from legal certainty in the event of disputes and are more confident trading across borders. Consumers and employees benefit from protections for weaker parties. Cross-border families benefit from clear rules to resolve disputes in sensitive matters quickly […]

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EU Response to White Paper

Statement by Michel Barnier at the press conference following his meeting with Dominic Raab, UK Secretary of State for Exiting the EU Brussels, 26 July 2018 Ladies and gentlemen, Dominic and I just had a second constructive meeting. I agree with what Dominic said last week – we must bring new energy into these negotiations. And […]

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